Lipids are molecules that are non soluble in H2O but can be dissolved in non-polar substances such as intoxicant or trichloromethane ( Mandal. n. d. ) . Lipid molecules are stored in adipose. or fat tissue. and can be broken down in our organic structures to organize an energy called ATP. To make so. the lipid molecule is dissected into its base pieces. glycerin and fatty acids. Each of the fatty acids is so broken down into two-carbon pieces and acetyl CoA is formed from each C piece. Each ethanoyl group CoA moleculeenters into a series of chemical reactions called the citric acid rhythm and finally produces 12 ATP ( Hudon-Miller. 2013 ) .
A comparing between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids:
*Solid at room temperature
*Whole fat dairy. ruddy meat. eggs
*Higher runing point
*No dual bonds in the molecule
( Mandal. n. d. )
( Smith. Paul. & A ; Segal. 2013 )
*Liquid at room temperature
*Plant / fish beginnings
*Vegetable oils. alligator pear.
nuts. fatty fish
*Lower thaw point
*At least one dual bond in
*Allows for soaking up of fat-soluble vitamins
( A. D. E. and K ) in the little intestine
*Acts as couriers to convey proteins
*Steroids – growing. immune map. sexual
map and reproduction
*Cholesterol – of import constituent of cell
*Insulates and protects variety meats
( Dutchen. 2010 )
( Davis. 2009 )
The two chief effects of eating a diet without any fat are deficiency of energy and hapless vitamin soaking up.
As antecedently discussed. the dislocation of fatty acids yield a big sum of ATP. or energy. that can be used by the organic structure. In the absence of fat. the organic structure is forced to use saccharides for energy which output less ATP and are rapidly depleted. The consequence on the organic structure is unregulated energy production. taking to hungriness and weariness ( Mandal. n. d. ) .
In the absence of dietetic fat. the organic structure would besides be unable to absorb fat-soluble vitamins ( A. D. E. and K ) taking to vitamin lacks. These vitamin lacks could take to a whole host of issues within the organic structure including jobs with castanetss. eyes. nervousnesss. tegument. immune map. and blood cells ( Coleman. 2011.
Coleman. R. ( 2011. May ) . How Are Fat-soluble Vitamins Absorbed? Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. livestrong. com/article/448407-howare-fat-soluble-vitamins-absorbed/ Davis. A. ( 2009 ) . You Are What You Eat. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //publications. nigms. National Institutes of Health. gov/chemhealth /eat. htm Dutchen. S. ( 2010. December ) . What Do Fats Do in the Body? Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //publications. nigms. National Institutes of Health. gov/insidelife science/fats_do. hypertext markup language
Hudon-Miller. S. ( 2013. April ) . How Do Fatty Acids Make Energy? Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=O8Yh6Zf51qc # t=304 Mandal. A. ( n. d. ) . What Are Lipids? Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. news-medical. net/health/What-areLipids. aspx Mandal. A. ( n. d. ) . Lipid Health and Nutrition. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. news-medical. net/health/LipidHealth-and-Nutrition. aspx Smith. M. . Paul. M. . & A ; Segal. R. Choosing Healthy Fats. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. helpguide. org/life/healthy_diet_fats. htm