Virtue moralss belongs to the subdivision of doctrine called moralss. Virtue moralss is besides a sub subdivision of normative moralss and it contrasts with disteleology because normative moralss is more concerned about features of a individual instead than the moral responsibilities and Torahs they must stay. so Natural Moral Law. Kantian moralss and Divine Command are normally dismissed by Virtue Ethics. This ethical theory besides contrasts with consequentialism e. g. Utilitarianism which is more focussed on consequences and results. Virtue moralss was first introduces by Plato and was further developed by Aristotle. Virtue moralss is based on the focal point of features. besides known as virtuousnesss. This means the good character traits an single has- and the antonym of a virtuousness ( a frailty ) which are the negatives traits of an person. Virtue moralss can be seen as an anti-theory because it is non concerned about the theory facet but instead it is about the pattern of it.
In other words Virtue moralss focuses upon what sort of human being you ought to be instead than the actions of a human being. Plato. in his book “Republic” . focused on justnesss and further on argues that. with his beliefs about the psyche. that there is a virtuousness connected to such portion of the psyche. These different parts of the psyche. are called imperative and it is divided into three parts. with a virtuousness connected to it. These virtuousnesss are the central virtuousnesss ; therefore ground and wisdom are one. the human spirit executing good is paired with bravery and fate which is paired with moderation or otherwise known as moderateness ( self-denial ) . If we have all these virtuousnesss we can obtain justness. the 4th virtuousness. Harmonizing to Plato. justness is an of import virtuousness because it balances out the interrelatedness between the parts of the psyche. There is justness when ground regulations over spirit and desires. Wisdom is the cognition of Forms particularly the cognition of the Form of God. holding to cognize what goodness is itself.
The signifiers are the fixed. integrities and unchanging constructs that are finally existent. This type of thought presupposes both anthropological dualism and ontological dualism. The jobs with Plato is that he has based his statement on a questionable metaphysic cleaning that we can non turn out something we have small to no experience to. The construct about the psyche and the priparte are criticised because there is no empirical grounds to back up it. it is merely logic and ground. A fortiori is the unfavorable judgment of the preparatory psyche because there is no solid empirical grounds to back up it. Furthermore there is no grounds to back up the claim that there are signifiers. once more it is merely a construct based on logical thinking.
Lace Wing presents the statement that even if ontology accepted Virtue Ethics. so it is ill-defined what the practical deductions are. If Virtue Ethics is an anti-ethical theory so to how would you pattern it? What would you make afterwards? How would cognize these virtuousnesss and signifiers affect you? In the hope of delivering Virtue Ethics. Aristotle ( Plato’s pupil ) delivers his reading of this ethical theory. Aristotle does non needfully hold into Plato’s metaphysic. epistemology or ontology but he does hold with Plato that ground is critical to virtue’s. This is because human’s are rational animate beings and agrees that virtue’s are critical to human booming otherwise known as “eudsimonia” . Unlike Plato. Aristotle believes that there are merely two sorts of virtuousnesss ; rational virtuousnesss and moral virtuousnesss.