Travels in Islamic universe was of import in the visible radiation of Islam as the Prophet encouraged his followings to seek cognition even as far off as China. bespeaking that cognition is borderless and traveling is a good manner to spread out the skylines of cognition and experience. Leisure. wonder and largely pilgramage were grounds for going and every bit long as the implicit in purpose is a good 1. like to recover before traveling back to work. to appreciate a new civilization or state. or to pass clip with household. Besides. Arabs were bargainers every bit much as they were travelers therefore they were traversing multi-nations for concern intents.
This was shortly followed by Prophet Muhammad and the first Muslims who migrated to different states on different occasions and subsequently worked hard in distributing faith to different communities. Even members of the comrades were widely known to traverse boundary lines for the interest of Islam. They came every bit far as India. Persia. amongst others. in order to seek cognition from Prophet Muhammad and subsequently crossed oceans to distribute their love for Islam. Travelling as a Muslim is non different as compared to going before going a Muslim. every bit long as certain guidelines are attached to.
Tourists. Muslim or non. are required to be respectful of their topographic point of travels. to stand for themselves and their ain state in a positive visible radiation. In his travel composing “Safarname” . Nasir Khusraw the Persian traveler spent about three old ages and three monthts in Egypt. Began with the Marw in the East in Rabi and finished with balkh in Khurasan in Jumadi in approximately 1052. Nasir Khusraw told his observations or unusual occasions he had heard about in item and harmonizing to his ain feelings of the event.
In the travel authorship of Nasir. it can be seen that he is concerned to the paths and the distances and besides the dangers and troubles on his manner. Furthermore. his references about the different atmosphers and qualities of differentcities and states which he visited. His authorship is sort of assisting the reader to make a image of his travel narratives. Apparently. he demands that people in his ain part to believe him and what he described. With that ground he compared his observations with dimilar occasions in the Eastern parts. In Nasir’s travel composing he described Cairo. the capital of Egypt.
Besides he is non merely speaking about Cairo and besides about the old metropolis Misr. At those times Cairo was so of import and functioning as the bosom pf political. economic. administrative and spiritual life. His subdivision on Egypt is non so long nevertheless he wrote worthy history on societal and economic life of the topographic point. Besides. he wrote with sort of a clear image of the city’s societal life and administration in that clip. Nasir’s relation of Cairo leads reader to adore the metropolis. concentrating on its beautiful qualities and sometimes give reader the feeling of hyperbole.
This sort of adorement demoing that Nasir’s engagement with the capital particularly after his visit during the most powerful. strong and expansive clip of Cairo under the reign of Caliph al Mustanser. In the wirting of Nasir there are two sorts of narrative manner. First 1 is when he himself was the informant of the juncture he wrote and the other 1 is when he got the information from person. He stayed in Cairo for three old ages and readers could acquire the feeling that three twelvemonth stay in Cairo was long plenty for person to acquire cognize the milieus and composing his observations accurately.
Although Nasir wrote most of the phenomenas that he saw. he mentions that he is non responsible about the exactitude of what he heard and so record. As it is mentioned above Khurshaw gave a obvious image of Cairo2s societal life and construction while his visit and he als references about the differences betweent the two parts of Cairo. First one is al-Qahira and other one is Misr. New Cairo had been established in a desert topographic point. about one stat mi E of the Nile. to the North of Misr. In the authorship he is giving detailes information.
To summer up that information. he is speaking about the location and business of Egypt. the swayer and the regulations in state. retainers who served him and besides beautiful landscapes like gardens. castle and interior of the metropolis and enviroment. Furthermore. it can be seen from Khusraw’s history that many of the stores and houses in Cairo were owned by the caliph/imam. referred to as the grand Turk. One can conceive of the step of this beginning of income for the sultan’s exchequer. And this great exchequer allowed the Fatimids to populate in luxury with glorious ceremony.
Khusraw mentioned that there were no less than twenty 1000 stores in Cairo. all of which belonged to the grand Turk. many of which were rented out for every bit much as 10 dinars a month. and for non less than two dinars. He added that the Imam owned eight 1000 houses with the rent collected monthly. Khusraw’s descriptions of both Cairo and Misr show that Cairo served a cardinal function in the administrative life of the Fatimids in add-on to its importance for concentrating the Fatimid military personnels in their quarters.
This gave it a alone quality as a strategic capital metropolis. On the ther manus Misr seemed. in Khusraw’s eyes. to be as a Centre of trading and of the economic life of Egypt through its markets and their links with other Centres throughout Egypt. The period which Khusraw spent in Egypt ( 1047-1050 ) seems have been one of wealth and development and his histories are regarded as informant and testimonial to different facets of life at that place. Khusraw took strivings to state whether his comments were based on what he himself witnessed or what person else told him. The gap of the canal ( khalij ) . for illustration. he described in item because he was an eyewitness.
He even tended non to advert everything he saw. because if he did so. it would take excessively long. The brilliant image that Khusraw presents describes merely the specific period of his stay in Egypt. Compared with other Fatimid beginnings. Khusraw’s histories of Cairo seem to be rather close to world. although they sometimes take on a certain accent and hyperbole when depicting a given phenomenon. Khursaw’s two chief objects supports truth of his authorship. first his period in Cairo was politically and economically stabilized. Besides. he is cognizant of the importance of stating differences between what he saw and what he heard.
Therefore. Khusraw’s Safarnama is considered a dependable primary beginning for many facets of Egypt within a specific period. On the other manus In the Ibn Jubayr’s memoirs of Egypt and Cairo he gives a extremely elaborate and in writing description of the topographic points he visited during his travels and “The Travels of Ibn Jubayr. Differently from its coevalss. Ibn Jubayr’s history was non a mere descriptions of memorials. demoing in-depth analysis qualities in the observation of geographical inside informations every bit good as cultural. spiritual and political affairs.
Ibn Jubayr sails the Mediterranean for 30 yearss eventually geting in Alexandria in 1183. He spent the following four months in Egypt. It is here that the reader first hears of the great Sultan. Saladin. and the legion achievements antecedently described. While in Egypt. Jubayr punctuated his visit with a halt in Cairo. the metropolis of the ancient Pharaoh. Here he sees the great pyramids and compares them to a lifting minaret in the celestial spheres though he falls short of organizing a concrete sentiment as to their beginnings stating merely that God knows their narrative.
Indeed. this would be his response throughout his histories anytime he is confronted with the uncertainness of whether a holy site was reliable. Upon go forthing Cairo. Ibn Jubayr joins a boat full of pilgrims—many of whom were besides traveling on the Hajj. His travel composing reflects Egypt’s of import commercial function. and its entreaty to merchandisers from all over the Muslim universe. Everywhere that Ibn Jubayr travelled in Egypt he was full of congratulations for the new Sunni swayer. Saladin.
For illustration he says of him that: “There is no congregational or ordinary mosque. no mausoleum built over a grave. nor infirmary. nor theological college. where the premium of the Sultan does non widen to all who seek shelter or live in them. ” He points out that when the Nile does non deluge plenty. Saladdin remits the land revenue enhancement from the husbandmans. He besides says that “such is his ( Salahuddin’s } justness. and the safety he has brought to his high-roads that work forces in his lands can travel about their personal businesss by dark and from its darkness apprehend no awe that should discourage them. Ibn Jubayr is really disparraging of the old Shi’a dynasty of the Egypt.
In Cairo. he visited the graveyard at al-Qarafah. which contained the Gravess of many of import figures in the history of Islam. He noted while in Cairo that the walls of the bastion were being extended by foreign Christian slaves with the object of environing the full metropolis. Another edifice work that he saw was the building of a span over the Nile. which would be high plenty non to be submerged in the one-year implosion therapy of the river.
He saw a broad free infirmary which was divided into three subdivisions: one each for work forces. adult females and the insane. He saw the pyramids. although he was incognizant of who they had been built for. and the Sphinx. He besides saw a device that was used for mensurating the tallness of the Nile inundation. On legion occasions Ibn Jubayr makes reference of God’s goodness or fidelity. and he similarly proceeds to convey God’s approvals or retribution on a authorities leader. revenue enhancement aggregator. fractious Shiite or fighting Christian.
One of the most dramatic elements in reading historical beginnings such as Ibn Jubayr’s travel history is that it deals with existent people in existent events. A Muslim life in the 12th century in the peripheral of Islamic influence saw the universe otherwise than an imaum in Baghdad. He besides saw the universe otherwise from a Christian provincial in England. To sum up. both Nasir and Jubayr did their travels for pilgramage. Because of the differences in their beliefs to Islam the both reflected metropoliss and coundries otherwise. It is true that if the author has sympathy to the belief in that state he reflects the facts more positive.
The journey of the Hajj. one of the Five Pillars of Islam. links together non merely Muslims of different nationalities. but besides Muslims across clip. I n short. travel in chase of cognition may be said to represent a cardinal instruction of Islam although its footings and classs can ne’er capture the assortments of historical pattern. for “historical ‘Islam’ does non co-occur with doctrinal ‘Islam. ’ and the pattern and significance of Islamic religion in any given historical scene can non readily be predicted from first rules of tenet or belief.