Transportation System Analysis Of Sri Lanka Tourism Essay

1. Canal transit system was the most effectual and popular transit system in the universe every bit good as in Sri Lanka before the route transit by vehicles. During Dutch epoch they developed progress canal transit system and used really effectual and efficient manner to carry through their demands.

2. As a consequence of the industrialisation, car industry and route web systems developed at the same time all over the universe and it affected Sri Lanka every bit good. With that the route transit became really popular. Due to the fact that it is really efficient comparison to canal transit and ability to make any needed finishs.

3. In the same clip population of the universe besides increased bit by bit. Due to this people ‘s life manner became complex and demands increased. In the average clip urbanisation was taken topographic point with industrialisation. This has affected to Sri Lanka and caused greater influence after the debut of unfastened economic system. Because of these grounds route web system reached its maximal capacity. After that development and enlargement of roads were impossible particularly in Colombo metropolis country. But vehicle denseness on to the same bing roads was become more and more. As a consequence of this, route traffic increased drastically. This caused wastage of clip on roads straight impacting productiveness of our state.

4. Answer to clip wastage on roads was debut of canal transit system with bing substructure. And how to initialise this installation in scientific manner will be discussed in this research. Besides it was apparent that the bing canal system could be utilized in really efficient manner to afore said demand. Finally it was found out that wastage of clip in Colombo metropolis country can be minimized by utilizing bing canal system with some restriction.

Three

Chapter I

Introduction

5. Thousands of people used to come from assorted topographic points of the state to Colombo for different intents. They waste batch of valuable and utile clip on the manner due to restriction of conveyance installations and complex route web system bing at nowadays.

25. The available main roads are non able cater new coming vehicle to the roads and leads to wastage of clip up to greatest extended. These roads are extremely jammed during office and school clip. Therefore it has to be eased up by canal transit to cut down clip and disbursement minimum disbursal and available resources. It is of import to do the best usage of bing substructure in penchant to enlargement, wherever operable.

6. During recent past Sri Lanka had good H2O bone conveyance system available in Colombo country for conveyance work forces and stuff. This was really much important during Dutch epoch. Therefore, it is apparent that this method can be utilized even at present yearss with small alteration to bing H2O ways.

7. In this research it is expected to turn out that traffic concurrence in Colombo, can be over come by utilizing bing canals system and can be minimize clip wastage on roads. By utilizing this bing canal system effectual and efficient manner, we can cut down the clip for transit in Colombo metropolis.

Chapter II

Methodology

STUDY AREA

8. The survey country is identified and methodological analysis employed for informations aggregation to transport out to research on field visits and probes, boat drives and collect relevant informations, speaking to Naval Personnel, people around the canals and coach riders, informations from the Navy.

9. The survey country is demarcated from Kiralapone canal which starts from Diyawanna Oya and feeding from Kotte canal. This Kiralapone canal flows and diverts into two and created Heen Ela from Rajagirya, so 1km down below it is created one more subdivision and made Dematagoda canal and Kiralapone canal flows farther and once more doing two subdivisions at Havelock town and go on to Wellawatta and other one continue boulder clay Dehiwalla. The research was conducted by utilizing cleared country of Wellawatta to Nawala canal. During site visits in two occasions, the followers inside informations are gathered and most of the measurings taken the Naval squad available at the Canals. The Outstanding characteristics are as follows.

a. Length – From Wellawatta to Nawala – 1.8km

b. Width – 9 metres ( intend Value )

c. Depth – 2.1 metres at high tide status

d. Particular characteristic – At rains no tide difference take topographic point

Scope

10. The canal transit will cut down clip and lead to ease up the route traffic at metropolis Centre, minimise pollution and helps to cut down respiratory deaths, attracts tourers to the metropolis and do new ventures like boat edifice industry.

11. This engorged canals should be converted into scenic beauty for the metropolis, avoid inundation taking topographic point at metropolis Centre and protect vegetations and fauna belongs to these country. The recreational intents besides can be achieved and it will back up do wellness people at the metropolis. This is one of the great chances to develop a societal integrating program to measure life personals near to the canal country by them egos to value their life manner. Another added advantage is to advance fishing among the people around the country.

PROBLEM STATEMENT

12. The available main roads and route web system unable to provide new coming vehicle to the roads and leads to make heavy route traffic and hence it has happened to blow tonss of clip at the Colombo City.

Hypothesis

13. Time factor can be reduced by utilizing canal transit disbursement minimum disbursal, with available resources and the best usage of bing substructure.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES

14. During the research it is expected to happen out that use of canal for transit will cut down clip to travel point A to point B, where canals are available.

Specific OBJECTIVES

15. As a consequence of this canal transit will cut down traffic congestion, better environment status either side of the canal, develop the boat industry and related other employment chances and betterment of this canal will assist the cut downing the inundation affect in Colombo metropolis.

Chapter III

Background

16. The good olden yearss canals were used for cultivation and irrigation work. The first recorded canal was built in Mesopotamia circa 4000 BC or modern twenty-four hours Iraq and Syria. The Indus Valley Civilization in Pakistan and North India ( circa 2600 BC ) had sophisticated irrigation and storage systems developed, including the reservoirs built at Garner in 3000 BC. In Egypt, canals day of the month back at least to the clip of Pepi I Meryre ( reigned 2332-2283 BC ) , who ordered a canal built to short-circuit the cataract on the Nile near Aswan.

17. In ancient China, big canals for river conveyance were established as far back as the Warring States ( 481-221 BC ) , the longest one of that period being the Hong Gou ( Canal of the Wild Geese ) , which harmonizing to the ancient historian Sima Qian connected the old provinces of Song, Zhang, Chen, Cai, Cao, and Wei. By far the longest canal was the Grand Canal of China, still the longest canal in the universe today. It is 1,794A kilometers ( 1,115A stat mis ) long and was built to transport the Emperor Yang Guang between Beijing and Hangzhou. The undertaking began in 605 and was completed in 609, although much of the work combined older canals, the oldest subdivision of the canal bing since at least 486 BC. Even in its narrowest urban subdivisions it is seldom less than 30A meters ( 98A foot ) broad[ 1 ].

18. Canals were of import for the industrial development. That ‘s why the greatest stimulation to canal systems came from the Industrial Revolution with its demand for inexpensive conveyance of natural stuffs and manufactured points.

19. In Europe, peculiarly Britain and Ireland, and so in the immature United States and the Canadian settlements, inland canals preceded the development of railwaies during the earliest stage of the Industrial Revolution. The gap of the Sankey Canal in 1757, followed by the Bridgewater Canal in 1761, which halved the monetary value of coal in Liverpool and Manchester, severally, triggered a period of “ canal passion ” in Britain so that between 1760 and 1820 over one 100 canals were built.

20. The history of canal transit in Colombo City was started in Dutch epoch. It was entirely used to transport goods from backwoods to coastal country by Paru ( Small Vessel driven by work force ) . This enormous and environmental friendly transit system is still used some countries of the state in smaller graduated table.

21. After industrial revolution car nomadic transit system became popular and with that development of route web system besides took topographic point. Presently figure of vehicles increased but route web system became limited due to infinite job. This causes the traffic congestion particularly in Colombo metropolis and as a consequence, people waste their valuable and utile clip in between their finishs. To get the better of this job it can be used bing canal system for transit work forces and stuff in Colombo metropolis.

22. Except Kirullapana – Wellawatta canal, remainder of the canals are still being used for H2O run outing system of the Colombo metropolis. However, recent past none of these canals have being decently maintained. Soon Sri Lanka Navy is set abouting to clean the Wellawatta canal, Dehiwella canal and Dematagoda canal.

23. The “ Japan Jabara ” is the chief quandary which need lasting solution and should be removed 100 % from the canals. If non it may take to suspend operation due sudden engine failures[ 2 ].

24. The rider transit by boats in canal will cut down clip and route traffic congestion at Colombo metropolis. Besides this may assist cargo transit by canal cut downing route traffic in the metropolis Centre.

Lt WPHE WIJAYALATH

Index No: 10680

Chapter IV

Datas

25. The available main roads are non able cater new coming vehicle to the roads and leads to wastage of clip up to greatest extended. These roads are extremely jammed during office and school clip. Therefore it has to be eased up by canal transit to cut down clip and disbursement minimum disbursal and available resources. It is of import to do the best usage of bing substructure in penchant to enlargement, wherever operable.

26. In Colombo metropolis traffic congestion depends upon topographic point to topographic point. Therefore it is of import that identify those roads and acquire the overall image about traffic congestion and usage available canal system to minimise the clip in effectual way.Traffic congestion roads are identified and inside informations indicated down below.

a. Galle route congestion is intensified after Moratuwa and stagnated after Dehiwala

B. High degree route congestion is intensified after Maharagama and stagnated after Nugagoda.

c. Low degree route congestion is intensified after Kaduwela and stagnated after Kotikawatta.

d. Kaduwela route congestion is intensified after Malaba and stagnated after Battaramulla.

e. Kandy route congestion is intensified after Kadawatha and stagnated after Kiribathgoda.

f. Negambo route congestion is intensified after Welisara and stagnated after Wattle.

29. Traffic informations

Traffic informations within the canal corridor was taken from Road Development Authority ( RDA ) and it is tabulated below.

Location

Daily Traffic

2002

2003

2005

2010 ( projected )

Domino ‘s Pizza Sri J’pura Rd

59408

61321

68957

85487

Open University Nawala Rd

29734

30660

34548

44648

Wall Tiles Narahenpita

20234

20770

23903

32705

Apollo Hospital Baseline Rd

23849

24632

30059

36813

Weaving Mills Havelock Rd

48968

50273

56241

67309

Wellawatte Bridge Galle Rd

51298

52937

56941

60311

Table 1

Chart 1

39. Time taken to go from Wellawatta to Diyawanna by assorted vehicles, within particular clip periods during a twenty-four hours.

Vehicle

Particular TIME PERIODS OF THE DAY

0630-0830hrs

0830-1600hrs

1600-1800hrs

Public conveyance ( coach )

1hrs 15min

1hrs

1hrs 30min

Official conveyance ( new wave )

45min

35min

50min

Forces vehicle ( auto )

45min

35min

50min

Motor motorcycle

35min

30min

40min

41. Time taken to go from Wellawatta to Nawala by assorted vehicles, within particular clip periods during a twenty-four hours.

Vehicle

Particular TIME PERIODS OF THE DAY

0630-0830hrs

0830-1600hrs

1600-1800hrs

Public conveyance ( coach )

1hrs

50min

1hrs 10min

Official conveyance ( new wave )

50min

40min

1hrs

Forces vehicle ( auto )

50min

40min

1hrs

Motor motorcycle

40min

30min

45min

CANALS AND DETAILS

30. Wellawatte Canal – The canal 1.8 kilometer in length, and 25 metres broad and the Bankss are beef uping by Gabion Boxes, Steel sheets and Masonry wall. The unfastened side to the sea is protected by two breakwaters forestalling the formation of a sand bar. Some times canal oral cavity is stuck by sand due monsoons rains and air current. However it is non created inundation jeopardy for the metropolis Centre. On other manner this is the most of import way manner to dispatch and modulate H2O when inundation occurred at the City. The canal base on ballss through a residential country and giving fabulous scenic beauty to residence over at that place. This is to the full cleaned and dredged by the Navy and transit is taking topographic point by the Naval Dingy Boats. Detailss are as follows.

a. Morning starts from Wellawatta – 0730 hour to 0930 hour

B. Evening starts at Open University, Nawala – 1600 hour to 1800 hour

c. FGD ( Fiber Glass Dingy ) is propelled by 40 Horse Power of Out Board Motors ( OBM ) utilizing to transport 08 riders at a clip.

d. 2.4 litres of fuel Burnss for the Journey

e. Depth of H2O at Centre – 2.1 metres at high tide

f. People around country are extremely back uping the undertaking and seting refuse to the canal is really minimum at the minute.

35. Dehiwalla Canal – The canal 3.7 kilometer in length, and 10 metres broad and the Bankss are beef uping by Gabion Boxes, Steel sheets and Masonry wall. The environing country is extremely polluted and after seting enormous attempt by the Navy 3.2 kilometer wholly cleaned up to 01st July 2010 and remainder of the distance in advancement. Detailss are as follows.

a. Depth of H2O at Centre – 2.7 metres at high tide ( as per 01st July 2010 )

B. Cleaning is taking placed from both the side of the canal.

Banks should be strengthen in some topographic points

38. Dematagoda Canal -The canal 8.6 kilometer in length, and 10 metres broad and the Bankss are beef uping by Gabion Boxes, Steel sheets and Masonry wall. This is already cleaned up to Royal Park by the Navy.

TIME TAKEN TO TRAVEL BY BOAT

FROM

TO

TIME DURATION

Wellawatta

Nawala

15 min

Wellawatta

Diyawanna ( Battaramulla )

30 min

40. Approximately Rs. 26.00 will be to go from Wellawatta to Diyawanna ( Baththaramulla ) and Wellawatta to Nawala Rs. 22.00 by public conveyance ( coach ) harmonizing to present status.

Detailss ABOUT CANALS

Under mentioned inside informations of canals besides have to see to better clip and to go on with transit.

31. Work Scope and Action Plan for the Rehabilitation / Maintenance of Wellawatta Canal

32. General Details are as follows.

a. Entire length: 1.8 kilometer

B. Side wall tallness from H2O line – 5′-7 ‘

c. Depth of H2O at centre – 1 metre at low tide status

d. Width – 8 to 10 metres

e. Middle of the canal itself and environing country was extremely polluted and congested and cleaned by the Sri Lanka Navy.

34. Renovating and cleansing is in progressed and lending batch from the Navy.

a. Vegetation is already removed by the Navy and cleaned the milieus more 90 % .

Japan Jabara was removed and two subdivisions of Bodi trees at the Bankss should be sharpened up to avoid perturbation while boats traveling.

Dredging should be done really sensitive and systematic manner sing tide factor.

d. Gabion boxes are non the must for each and every topographic point of the Bankss and guarantee to acquire adept advice from the civil applied scientists on this affair and redevelopment should be done consequently.

36. Work Scope and Action Plan for the Rehabilitation / Maintenance of Dehiwala Canal General Details are as follows.

a. Entire length – 3.7 kilometer

B. Side wall tallness from H2O line – 5′-7 ‘

c. Depth of H2O at Centre – 2 ‘ – 3 ‘

d. Width – 8 to 10 metres

e. Middle of the canal itself and environing country is extremely contaminated and engorged and Navy is about cleaned 3.2 km up to 01st July 2010.

37. Renovating and cleansing is in progressed by Navy squad.

Need to be removed flora at Bankss.

Transportation removed flora from the site.

c. Take out and reassign floating refuse at the center of the canal by Floating JCB ( Backhoe stevedore ) or Pontoon JCB.

Dredging should be done really sensitive and systematic manner sing tide factor.

Gabion boxes are non the must for each and every topographic point of the Bankss and guarantee to acquire adept advice from the civil applied scientists on this affair and redevelopment should be done consequently.

MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS

26. The boat and height factor of the Bridgess to be extremely considered when concidering clip and required to travel through following tabulated inside informations.

Bridge

Minimum Vertical Clearance in metres

Rainy Dayss

At High Tide

At Low Tide

Ethul Kotte Pizza

0.9

2.56

2.85

Water Line Kotte

Above 3 metres

Above 4-5 metres

Above 4-5 metres

Open University Gate No -01

0.5

1.7

2

Open University Gate No -02

0.4

1.8

2.1

Railway Bridge

Above 3 metres

Above 5 metres

Above 5 metres

Baseline Road at Polhangoda

0.6 metres

2

2.2

Havlock Town Bridge

0.8

2.1

2.3

Duplication Road Bridge

2

3

3.3

Gall Road

Above 3 metres

Above 4 metres

Above 4 metres

Note – This was for Fiber Glass Dingy and More capacity boat clearance will be lesser than this and give endanger for riders in high tide conditions. In showery yearss this will able to work out.

BUS PASSENGERS INTERVIEW

43. The coach riders interview were carried out to place bus riders travel forms and reassigning locations including office and school clip. And besides to whether they are ready take up new conveyance manner or non. The inside informations were gathered from people at the coach Michigans and the bases.

Survey Location

Number of Passengers

Remarks

Wellawatta

5

Ready to travel by boat

Havlock Town

10

Ready to travel by boat

Nawala

10

Ready to travel by boat

Rajagiriya

5

Ready to travel by boat

Battaramulla

5

Ready to travel by boat

Base line route

6

Ready to travel by boat

Present Developments

25. The Sri Lanka Navy is started the commuter service for Open University pupils for free of cost by utilizing Fibre Glass Dingy from Wellawatta to Nawala. It is already made immense impact to the society and urged people to believe on this fabulous environmental friendly transit service. Due more response from the people of the society, the Navy is seeking to heighten commuter service presenting more capacity for this event. The Navy applied scientists were already trailed 21 figure rider capacity boats with three different types of ( Out Board Motor ) OBM and identified the most suited 1. The trail inside informations are as follows.

Out Board Motors

115hp

75hp

40hp

No of Passengers

21

21

21

Approx. Time taken ( From Nawala to Wellawatte )

17 Min

15 Min

15 Min

Fuel ingestion

6 ltrs

4 ltrs

3 ltrs

Average cost ( Rs )

35.71

24.76

18.00

TABLE-1

Chapter V

Analysis

25. Harmonizing to the hypothesis clip taken by canal transit suppose to be lesser than route transit. Following informations can be use to analyze the status.

From Wellawatta to Diyawanna ( Battaramulla )

Public conveyance ( coach )

1hrs 15min

1hrs

1hrs 30min

Average clip taken by coach = ( 1hrs 15min + 1hrs + 1hrs 30min )

3

= 1 hours 15min

Average clip taken by boat = 30 min

Time difference = 1hrs 15 min – 30 min

= 45 min

======

From Wellawatta to Nawala

Public conveyance ( coach )

1hrs

50min

1hrs 10min

Average clip taken by coach = ( 1hrs + 50 min + 1hrs 10min )

3

= 1 hour

Average clip taken by boat = 15 min

Time difference = 1hrs- 15min

= 45 min

======