Third Exam Part II and Part III Essay

The Christian Church is the cardinal establishment which dominated Europe during the in-between ages ( “Middle Ages” ) . It influenced the Europeans regardless of their position of life. Though there were a figure of Jews situated in Europe during the mediaeval period. most of Europe’s population was under the authorization of the Church.

The Medieval Church had the greatest influence on the low category citizens particularly on the mediaeval farm workers. Bing in the dark and helter-skelter times. some of them have devoted their kids to monasteries and nunneries to salvage them from famishment and from being homeless.

The Church’s promise of redemption and an ageless life on the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ motivated people of mediaeval Europe to follow the Torahs given by the church leaders and lend heavy revenue enhancements for the Church’s demands.

Aside from roll uping revenue enhancements from the people. the Church besides accepts gifts from personages who believe that gifts offered to the church can give them a bigger chance to be in Eden. The gifts offered to the church semen in the signifier of farming areas. slaves. flocks and pecuniary offerings. These offerings have made the Church a more powerful establishment to the extent that it can act upon male monarchs and other monarchial personalities.

The Pope was considered as the caput authorization and highest functionary of the Church ( “Pope ( Religious Leader ) ” ) . He possessed the power to name bishops to bishoprics. He besides played powerful functions in coronating emperors and set uping differences among swayers.

However. during the 11Thursdayand 12Thursdaycenturies in Europe. a clang between the Church ruled by the Pope and the province ruled by male monarchs emerged. The ballad princes tried to attach themselves to the clergy’s authorization and wealth by offering them protection in return. The Church governments despised this thought because they think it does non conform to the Torahs of the ancient Church. As a consequence. Pope Nicholas II denounced laic coronation in 1095 and eliminated the engagement of male monarchs in apostolic elections ( “Roman Catholic Church” ) . From so on. a patterned advance of dethroning and ejection amongst male monarchs and archpriests occurred.


Sing the belongings of history as a uninterrupted watercourse of events. Renaissance can be regarded as a mere prolongation of the Middle Ages. However. the Renaissance epoch proved that it deserved great acknowledgment for all its singular parts to human thought. It was a radical motion which influenced Europeans’ rational acquisition in facets of doctrine. humanistic disciplines. faith. literature and scientific discipline.

Humanitarianism was the major subject of the Renaissance epoch ( “Renaissance” ) . The reintroduction of texts and classical cognition from ancient Rome and Greek imperiums provoked critical thought and empiricist philosophy amongst the people of Europe during the early modern period. The humanistic property of Renaissance had freed the people’s minds from the bonds of stagnant and unevaluated cognition enforced by the non-secular governments.

The acquisition of cognition in the Renaissance and Greek-Roman times were merchandises of geographic expedition and contact with other states. Ancient Greece has acquired a new alphabet and has enhanced its metal works when it mingled with the Phoenicians. In the same manner the Romans have strengthened their military mechanisms through foreign wars and their humanistic disciplines were influenced by Greece and Africa. The procurance of mathematical cognition of the campaigns from the Islamic states during the terminal of the in-between ages besides contributed greatly to the Renaissance epoch.

Today’s universe can besides be compared likewise to the Renaissance epoch since we are now at the tallness of technological promotion. The tendencies of development of today and that of the Renaissance period are both extremist and dynamic. The Renaissance epoch revolutionized information extension through the innovation of the printing imperativeness. in the same manner that today’s engineering have provided efficient information airing through the usage of the cyberspace.

Part III

Parish Churchs are located in centres of each town. These edifices are the largest and most dominant landmarks in towns. This shows that faith back so was truly prioritized by the citizens.

Jesus Giving the Keys to St Peter

This fresco by Perugino from the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel depicts Jesus giving St Peter the keys to the land of Eden. Catholic philosophy provinces that Jesus appointed St Peter to be the first Pope. which established a nexus between Jesus and the office of the Pope. This nexus is known as apostolic sequence. whereby the Pope is seen as the inheritor to the apostles.

Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Monalisa” is one of the most celebrated graphicss in the Renaissance epoch which depicted the artist’s usage of really deep infinite in the background with a half-length portrayal.

Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man” shows man’s Godhead organic structure proportion. During the Renaissance epoch. the survey of the human organic structure was besides really prevailing.

Antichristus. by Lucas Cranach the Elder. from Luther’s 1521Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist.

The Pope is subscribing and selling indulgences. This is one manner by which the Church in the Medieval times additions wealth and power.


“Middle Ages. ”Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. 2005.

“Pope ( Religious Leader ) . ”Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. 2005.

“Renaissance. ”Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. 2005.

“Roman Catholic Church. ”Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. 2005.