In “The Time Machine” by H. G. Wells. the Time Traveler confronts a hereafter that has seemingly developed into a Communist Utopia. a belief system that Wells. a socialist. might good hold supported. The Traveler’s immediate reaction to the Eloi and his initial premise that society has devolved into a egalitarian concerted reveals Wells’ prejudice towards a classless society. He besides depicts the hereafter as a beautiful. fruit-filled land alternatively of the dirty. smog-ridden world that was Victorian epoch London.
It is clear even in the gap chapters of the novel. that the Time Traveler portions many of Wells’ ain prejudices and belief systems. Though he believes that the Eloi have “devolved” due to the fact that they no longer necessitate to work or better their heads. the Time Traveler believes that this society is better than the 1 he came from where the hapless were routinely mistreated and frequently malnourished. In many ways. the Time Traveler is the ultimate equalitarian: he believes that an Eloi society where the community works together to happen its nutrient and to populate as peers is superior to his ain society.
It is non until the Traveler becomes cognizant of the presence of the Morlocks that he begins to oppugn his initial feeling. The fact that the Morlocks have become cannibalistic. Eloi-herders as a manner of life is unbelievable dejecting to the Traveler and he sets about to document these alterations. Wells writes finally that the Traveler is incorrect in his theory about how the Morlocks and the Eloi semen to be. but ne’er discusses what the existent cause of the development might be.
From a philosophical point of view. Wells development of the Eloi and Morlocks in his narrative is a singular commentary on his observations sing the nature of adult male and how society might germinate. It is clear that in the Traveler’s initial sentiment. the Eloi have developed from the upper category. from those who were excessively soft for manual labour and to capture of recreational chases to dispute their heads. Likewise. the Morlocks are clearly supposed to hold developed from the lower class and have resorted to force and decease as their manner of life. ne’er germinating to the point of job resolution or higher idea. In these most basic descriptions. Wells reveals his ain prejudice towards the category warfare of Victorian England.
Indeed. the Morlocks’ leaning for flesh-eating might good hold developed out of the satirical Hagiographas of Jonathon Swift and his “A Modest Proposal. ” Though in Swift’s essay it is the rich who eat the hapless as a signifier of population control. his commentary on the categories is really clearly echoed in “The Time Machine. ” Both work forces argue efficaciously that category differences in the British Isles will probably take to one category eating the other. By the elusive alteration from Swift’s “Proposal” to Wells’ Morlocks. we find that Wells’ believes it is likely the working category that will go cannabalistic and that the upper category has no redeeming qualities other than the ability to stuff their faces.
Another philosophical issue confronting the Time Traveler is the impact his travel will hold on the universe around him. This issue is cardinal to the most recent movie version of the film. In it. the Traveler efforts repeatedly to alter the class of clip to salvage his doomed fiance from certain decease. In both the movie and the novel. the Time Traveler is forced to finally confront that he is unable to alter the natural patterned advance of clip.
The most interesting inquiry here is whether he should hold attempted to alter clip in the first topographic point. Having seen the being of the Eloi and the Morlocks and the eventual devastation of the planet. does the Traveler have any right to wind off. rewind or otherwise turn the cloth of clip? This inquiry is mostly unsolved in the novel. as the Traveler merely discovers that if he changes one event in the yesteryear. other events adapt to stop with the same decision.
The other inquiry that this demands an reply to is the theory of clip itself and of predestination. If the Traveler is unable to alter fate by altering a specific event and if clip adapts so that what is supposed to go on does. in one manner or another. is at that place genuinely any construct of self-government or is everything predestined. In his novel. Wells’ makes an effectual statement for the construct that things happen as they are ordained to go on and man’s impact on them is minute. He argues through the perennial deceases of the Time Traveler’s fiance that destiny is fate and can non be changed.
The joy of Wells’ novel is that on the surface it is merely a fantastical ocean trip into a hereafter that might be. but that one time one begins to rub the surface. he finds a commentary on societal justness. industrialisation and even faith. as some faiths argue that adult male is pre-destined to populate his life in a certain mode.
By ne’er deciding the issues within the book. Wells allows the reader to find for themselves whether they believe in predestination or if they believe the hereafter can be changed. He allows the reader to do his ain judgements sing the conflict between nature and industrialisation and he allows the reader to make up one’s mind how the conflict between the categories will stop. The fresh allows the reader to take every bit much or every bit small from it as they desire and as such it is a authoritative of English literature.