The Philosophy of Freidrich Froebel Essay

Friedrich Froebel was born in 1782 in Oberweissbach. Germany. His female parent died when he was 9 months old and his male parent was off on pastoral responsibilities rather frequently so he went and lived with his uncle when he was 10 old ages old. Froebel was non wholly interested in school but enjoyed forestry. geometry. and land surveying ( Dunn 169 ) . His upbringing and involvements. along with his Christian religion strongly influenced his educational doctrine.

“Friedrich used learner-centered. child-centered. experience-based thoughts to develop the world’s foremost kindergarten. a school for immature children” ( Henson 8 ) . The male parent of kindergarten was the rubric normally associated with Froebel and his doctrine. His methods allow kids to turn and travel on as they conquer new constructs non when pedagogues or decision makers decide. Froebel’s doctrine was influenced by the learning methods of Pestalozzi ( Dunn 169 ) . He agreed with many of Pestalozzi’s thoughts but thought that there was excessively much focal point on memorisation and direct direction.

Froebel “balanced group activities with single drama. way from instructors was balanced with periods of freedom. and the surveies of nature. mathematics. and art were balanced by exploring” ( Froebel Web ) . Through geographic expedition by the kid and observation by the instructor instruction could be distributed as was needed in the best involvement of the kid. He wanted pupils to calculate things out for themselves through find. If a kid can detect a construct on their ain that kid is more likely to hold on and clearly understand that construct because they were the agencies by which they learned the information.

Play was a major facet of his doctrine because it gave kids a opportunity to project their interior nature and a opportunity to copy and seek out assorted grownup functions. Children had the opportunity to seek on many faces and figures so that they could happen out who they were and who they should be. Even today people try to happen out who they are because in the kernel of each of us we feel that who were are or supposed to be is already in our psyche we merely have to detect who that is. Through drama and function playing kids could larn how to work out their ain jobs.

Much of what people learn comes through their experiences. if kids are able to pattern and experience certain jobs they will develop the accomplishments necessary to job solve. If kids could work through these state of affairss there could be a lessening in behavioural jobs as kids grow because they had the opportunity to develop their job work outing accomplishments at a immature age. “According to Froebel. the ultimate intent of instruction is the realisation of a faithful. pure. inviolate. and therefore holy life” ( Dunn 170 ) .

Since Froebel’s doctrine was based on idealism he believed every individual had religious worth and self-respect. If a individual assumes that each person they encounter has worth and therefore should be treated so more people in life would be. merely put. happier. It comes down to esteeming each person for whoever they are. Thus like dreamers he believed that kids had within him all he was to be at birth. As Dunn states. “practice in instruction should be designed to develop and cultivate persons toward attainment of their destiny” ( 170 ) .

Get downing kids off in kindergarten gave them a opportunity to turn and be what they were destined to be. by partaking in drama and function playing with plentifulness of infinite to develop decently. In today’s society there is a batch of talk about happening yourself and taking infinite to calculate out who they are. I think a batch of that is because people ne’er had a opportunity to make so when they were immature. Today’s society merely velocities through life seeking to acquire one measure in front of the following individual and later in life they stop to review who they have become because they didn’t take the opportunity to detect that individual when they should hold.

Froebel stressed the “importance of making a happy. harmonious environment” where the kid can turn ; and where the “value of ego activity and play” are foundation to the development of the whole individual ( Froebel Web ) . Teachers should detect pupils during drama so that they know how and what to learn and pitch toward each pupil because you need to cultivate the interior individual in each. It isn’t all about pandemonium because there is order and construction in drama and free will. Play and freedom are structured through “gifts and business.

” The gifts are used to assist kids understand constructs and the businesss to do merchandises. Froebel was seeking to make a school that uses the child’s imaginativeness and creativeness already in them to further an instruction program that fit their heads and psyches. We have been taught in the bible to be like kids because they are pure and clean. if more of us became like kids so the universe would be a better topographic point. The effects this theory has on the schoolroom can be positive and negative.

The thought of a child-centered schoolroom is a terrific thought but can do the schoolroom seem really helter-skelter and haphazard which is hard for some instructors and parents. With a child-centered schoolroom the be aftering a instructor puts into her lessons must be flexible and follow the demands of each person. which is hard because each kid has different demands so planning could be a batch of different activities and flexibleness. This doctrine allows chance for all pupils to wholly win because it works with the child’s strengths and educational gait.

A job with that is that kids don’t develop at the same rate so kids will be traveling over different stuff at the same clip. By leting kids to work on their ain. the behaviour they have will better because they feel that they have more control over their ain instruction and gait. As many positive effects as this free child-centered doctrine has. it besides has in negative effects. Students may non make their possible if they are non challenged by high outlooks. There are besides fewer concrete appraisals to bet on child success and failure.

The doctrine could be a immense success if employed by a extremely committed instructor who is prepared to truly encourage single growing. The teacher’s function in the schoolroom is non merely as perceiver who watches kids drama and explore independently but to steer the kids to do finds. Open ended inquiries are a great manner for instructors to further critical thought because the instructor does non supply the pupil with sentiments ( Froebel Web ) . Teachers are guiders and assistants for kids to research who and what they are to go.

There are a batch of great thoughts that have come from this doctrine. one being the debut of kindergarten into the educational system. Some people today even think that it is excessively early to get down a kid in school but when is it truly a great clip to get down? There are more people who are get downing to encompass the thought of a child-centered attack because excessively much of instruction is focused on what we think kids need to larn and non needfully what they need to larn or are ready to larn.

Teachers today need to halt and look at pedagogues and philosophers of the yesteryear to acknowledge simple theories they employed. Today’s instruction has become caught up in velocity and necessity to be better than the following cat. we have forgotten to look at the people we are learning and the fact that some are non ready for what we think they should be. There is a demand for grownups to acquire back to a simpler manner of life so that we don’t bury that kids are cherished gifts that must be treasured and fostered.