Paradise On Earth Or Paradise Lost Tourism Essay

The Caribbean includes the over seven 1000 islands. As in most underdeveloped states, the Caribbean is recognised as an country to a great extent dependent on the touristry industry for economic endurance ( Manley 1995 & A ; Jessop 2000 ) . Harmonizing to the Caribbean Tourism Statistics, in 2002 the country attracted more than 14 million tourers per twelvemonth. The chief attractive forces are the beautiful sandy beaches, clean sea and a warm clime ; “ … the Caribbean has more astonishing beaches and Sun than you can agitate a stick at ” ( www.lastminute.com ) . By looking at both the negative and positive impacts of the developments in the touristry industry in the Caribbean enables a better apprehension of the impact on the local communities. Therefore, is it “ Paradise on Earth ” as promised by circuit operators seeking to sell vacations to the Caribbean, or simply an image presented to the tourer “ … [ the ] tourist-consumer appears to purchase Eden in the travel bureau or air hose ticket office… ” ( Strachan, 2002 ) .

“ The Caribbean is a nature lover ‘s dream, welcoming visitants in hunt of the admirations of the natural world-creatures workss and landscapes unmatched in diverseness and beauty ” ( www.caribbeantravel.com ) . Is this still the truth? Harmonizing to Barberia ( 2003 ) the country ‘s natural resources attract a big figure of tourers, but mass touristry brings environmental harm to the ecosystem, every bit good as impacting on the economic system and it amendss the societal and cultural environment of the Caribbean islands. The chief attractive force for visitants are “ the 3 S ‘s ” / This means Sun, sea, sand. But in modern universe, visitants are seeking something more Presents, sex touristry is going one of the chief fundamental laws that attracts tourer to the finish. Nowadays, touristry to the Caribbean islands has become aggregate touristry ( Archer & A ; Davies 2007 ) .

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As in many developing states, touristry to the Caribbean offers some advantages to the country, including cut downing the degree of poorness in the country by supplying occupation chances for the local community, bring forthing income which leads to economic growing ( Palmer 1993 ) . However, touristry non merely provides direct occupations through adjustment, cordial reception, conveyance, stores and casinos. Tourism besides helps back up investing in the local substructure including ; medical Centres, new roads, public-service corporations every bit good as other shopping installations. It is besides a chief beginning of authorities gross through the taxing of goods and services ( Bryan 2001 ) . The World Tourism Organisation ( 2001 ) believes that in 2012 the touristry industry created around 3 million occupations in Caribbean.

On the other manus, the economic system in the Caribbean was traditionally dependent on agribusiness. The sugar harvest industry was the prima industry, followed by banana, java, chocolate, rice and citrous fruit. However, in recent times the Caribbean has become to a great extent dependent on the touristry industry ( Steinberg 1978 ) . It has been argued that the locals prefer working in the touristry industry instead than in hard, low paying, traditional work in fishing or agribusiness. An infusion from the Pattullo ( 1996 ) book describes this scenario “ … working in de hotel in de harbour last twelvemonth, even though adult male acquiring paid truly bad pay I at least know digital audiotapes each hebdomad I gon na acquire dollar for wage for nutrient and thing. ” The immature adult male here is explicating that, for him, there is better work available in the touristry industry. Even though he earns a little sum of money there is greater uncertainness working in agribusiness or fishing ( Pattullo 1996, p 55 ) . Furthermore, it has been suggested that most local people populating in poorness expression “ alien and different ” to affluent visitants, in many instances visitants handling the locals as slaves. It has been hard for Caribbean people to get away from the feelings of unfairness that were instigated by bondage and the experiences of poorness after bondage. Tourism is still being seen as an extension of this system of bondage, with the locals at that place for the visitant ‘s luxury, amusement and comfort ( Bryan 2001 ) . Harmonizing to this position, locals are at that place to function the affluent clients and are in consequence still being treated as slaves. Their touristry industry is mostly controlled by white people with the local black population employed in a service capacity for minimum wage ( Miller 2006, p 39 ) . The low degree of instruction in the country does non give equal chance for the autochthonal staff to procure occupations in extremely skilled, high paid occupations ( Goodwin, 2008 ) .

Nowadays, some of the visitants come to the Caribbean non merely for the “ 3S ‘s ” but besides for another “ S ” ; sex touristry. Sex touristry involves the harlotry of work forces and adult females and sex trafficking of immature people and kids. It has been suggested that this has had a detrimental consequence on the local community ( Bryan 2001 ) . Furthermore, it has created a negative image of local adult females – who are non cocottes, but whose service includes cleansing suites, rinsing fabric and sex ( Sanchez-Taylor & A ; O’Connell 1998/1999, p 1 ) . Ads from major circuit operators construct an image of the Caribbean that suggests “ … a dream Caribbean vacation has it all and more ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.directline-holidays.co.uk ) nevertheless, the popularity of ‘sex touristry ‘ has succeeded in increasing the figure of sexually transmitted diseases – such as HIV, and Hepatitis, within the local communities. The figure of sexually transmitted diseases is steadily increasing each twelvemonth, with the current estimation of HIV instances entirely believed to be between 500,000 and 700,000. Ironically, sex touristry has put at immense hazard, non merely the locals and the visitants, but their touristry industry as a whole, which could hold a damnatory impact on the island ‘s major beginning of gross. In Jamaica, where the economic system is in diminution, and with the state progressively trusting on income from touristry, non merely for the obvious benefits, but besides for the harlotry of work forces and adult females who see this as the lone manner to gain money to last ( UNAIDS,2001 ) .

The big volume of touristry in the Caribbean is largely generated by two countries, across-the-board and cruise touristry ( Duval 2004, p10 ) .The all- inclusive holiday is the easiest manner to command invitees ‘ experience and their outgo, Controling what to eat, imbibe, amusement and what to purchase, whilst handily forestalling them from sharing in the civilization of the indigens populating on the islands, and their adversities. Tourists spend most of their money before coming to Caribbean i.e. “ The traveler is purchasing into the resort and its image, non the location ” . ( Henthorne & A ; Miller 2003, p 8 ) Is this of benefit to the local community? Most resorts are owned by transnational corporations, and so the money normally does n’t stay within the locally economic system. The nutrient and drinks are imported and merely low paid occupations are provides for locals is benefit community. On the other manus, some of the local natural resources are no longer accessible every bit good as some countries on which locals have traditionally depended for their support, amusement and work. Furthermore, the community has suffered from H2O deficits during the dry season partially as a consequence of H2O provided to hotels and resorts ( Bayer & A ; Lynch 2006, p 8 ) . When coastal touristry started to turn, extended harm was done to sand dunes and lagunas ensuing in the deceases of assorted species of animate beings and fish. Jamaica has the highest figure of animate being and works species which are under the menace of disappearing in Caribbean. The Caribbean has become the largest finish for sail touristry in the universe. Harmonizing to Wood ( 2004 ) , cruise touristry amounted to merely 12 per centum of all touristry disbursement in the Caribbean in 2000. Caribbean communities get the smallest economic benefits from sail touristry. Governments of some states in the Caribbean, in order to pull a big figure of sail ships to the port finishs, have been viing to loosen up the environmental criterions. As with all inclusive resorts, the sail ships are mostly owned by foreign companies, working the local work force, and it could be argued, non reinvesting the net incomes into the local economic system. Besides, the ‘cruise ‘ industry has had a major environmental impact on the coastal Waterss, and marine life. Ships shit waste into the ocean, destructing coral reef ecosystems ( Wood, 2000 ) aqualung drivers and snorkelers are damaging coral reefs through repeated inordinate contact, every bit good as the locals who remove the corals to sell it as tourer keepsakes in a despairing effort to get away the utmost poorness accentuated by the tourer trade.

Decision

In alteration of all the negative and positive impacts raised in this essay, I conclude that touristry can non entirely destruct the Caribbean Sun, the beaches and H2O, but ironically, it can drastically cut down and finally destruct this fantastic home ground, the really thing that brings the tourers to the Caribbean in the first topographic point. Most tourers search out the country for typical grounds: beaches, landscape and clime, they are looking for “ a vacation of a life-time ” experience, to see a existent unrecorded Eden, without wholly groking the effects on the local environment.

It could be argued that the image of this Eden was in fact created by circuit operators, in an effort to increase the figure of visitants ( and their net incomes! ) . With the increased handiness of cheaper air travel over the last decennary or so, there is now a turning demand for people desiring to honeymoon, and even get married in this paradise-like part of the universe, a ” … bluish H2O Eden, there are abundant islands offering pristine beaches, all types of H2O activities, green landscapes and amazing sundowns to put that romantic temper for two. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.honeymoonersreviewguide.com/caribbean/ )

“ The tourist/consumer appears to purchase Eden in travel agents… , but really, this traveler has purchased merely the promise of “ Eden ” : the aggregation of thoughts, the myth… ” ( sited on presentation, appendix 1 ) . Each individual has a different position of Eden: some expression for a few hebdomads of luxury, to be waited on manus and pes, to see a different manner of life, to get away from the emphasiss of place. Other visitants associate the Caribbean with sex and/or love affair, where the low poorness nowadays, once more allows the ‘affluent ‘ to hold every caprice catered to. However, most tourers have a limited position of these islands: all they see is the airdrome, the ports, the hotels, the beaches and sights, frequently ne’er even go forthing the hotel composite. This short sighted vision of the part helps pull touristry to the island, giving the perfect vacation experience for them but at the same clip harm environments and holding a negative impact on life within the local community. The existent life and experiences of locals and all their jobs are handily hidden behind “ the hedges ” of these all- inclusive resorts. ( Henthorne & A ; Miller 2003 )

Tourism has a sensitivity to be more negative than positive when used as the individual or most of import, concatenation for development and when taken out of the custodies of the local people who are most wedged. As with most 3rd universe finishs, the Caribbean is, at this clip sing many of the negative side effects of the touristry trade. The Eden that exists in vacation booklets and in visitants ‘ observations of the Caribbean could go a snake pit for the local community if there is non a suited reinvestment of tourer hard currency put back into bettering the substructure within these idyllic islands. The sustainability in touristry development has to be ensured for the future benefits of the Caribbean, and it ‘s peoples and go a true “ Eden on Earth ” and non merely in image.