European Colonization of Africa Essay

The European colonisation of Africa during the 17th through 20th centuries had many positive and negative impacts on universe states and civilizations ; some lasting to present twenty-four hours. The “Scramble” or “Race” for Africa resulted from the procedure of invasion. business. and colonisation of the African continent by European states looking to spread out their universe influence and increase their lucks ( en. wikipedia. org. 2012 ) . Europe’s geographic expedition and colony of Africa was originally limited to the seashore. The African inside was much harder to entree for Europeans because of the unsmooth terrain. hostile indigens. and disease hazards. As technological promotions improved and industrialism took over. European promotions in transit. communicating. and medical specialties to handle malaria allowed Europeans entree to parts of Africa they hadn’t been able to colonise antecedently. The first representatives of European states in Africa were most frequently missionaries interested in ministering to the heathen folks. One of their chief ends was to halt the slave trade that had done so much harm antecedently. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to set up lasting colonies along the seashores of Africa in the fifteenth century.

Portugal competed with Britain and France to command big countries of Africa while Italy and Germany held much smaller packages. Scholars note that there seemed to be a sense of self-esteem edifice as states raced to command districts that were much larger than themselves ( en. wikipedia. org. 2012 ) . Otto von Bismark. the German Chancellor. initiated the West African Conference in 1884. Ambassadors from many states attended and agreed to advise all take parting states of any new African conquerings. Europe’s colonising states felt drawn to Africa for its natural resources. Europe’s industrialisation needed natural stuffs to go on. and many of its states were besides interested in educating and change overing Africans to Christianity. and stoping the slave trade ( Nosotro. 2010 ) . Unfortunately. one major consequence of the European colonisation of Africa was the mistreatment of native Africans by colonisers. The Belgian Congo is one illustration of the maltreatments of native Africans by European colonists. Leopold II of Belgium had been charged with acquiring the Belgian Congo settlement up and running. In making so. Leopold allowed the indigens to be treated like animate beings and slaves. He
used the country as his private plus and exploited the lands despite the cost to indigens. When rumours reached place that there were jobs in the settlement. truths began to come up. Although the British and the Gallic were guilty of African native maltreatment. none were every bit terrible as what happened in the Belgian Congo. The most important consequence of European colonisation was the addition in slave trade. Although they finally worked to stop bondage. Europe’s colonies really increased the trade of slaves in early old ages.

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The slave trade Numberss increased dramatically as Europeans bought slaves to work on their plantations in North. South. and Middle America. Great Britain finally outlawed slave trade in Africa in 1807. and so outlawed the act of bondage in 1834. Their ships patrolled the African seashore observation for slave ships as the European involvement in Africa grew. Another long-run consequence of European colonisation of Africa came from the missional work completed in the settlements at that place. Protestant and Catholic missionaries built infirmaries and provided medical attention. educated native African at mission schools. and translated the bible into African linguistic communications in order to let Africans entree to Christianity. European colonisation besides resulted in an uneven distribution of wealth among African people. Because European settlements were chiefly located on the seashore. the coastal wood indigens gained wealth and power far superior to the people of the inland savanna. Coastal settlements rose up to be most powerful while the interior colonies’ powers declined ( Healy. 1994 ) . One other noteworthy consequence of European colonisation came from the different type of authorities introduced to African indigens. European manner authorities was really different. and sometimes even contrary. to the traditional direct entree civilization the Africans were accustomed to. An exclusion to the coastal settlement regulation happened in Cape Town Colony in South Africa where the Dutch really made some noteworthy motions toward colonising Africa’s inside. Settlers here began to travel inward cultivating plantations and utilizing Asiatic slaves for labour. Dutch plantation owners had an advantage in South Africa because the conditions there was milder. There were besides less hazards of disease for European colonists. and the country was less populated by indigens. The long term consequence of European colonisation in the South was important because it resulted in centuries of white regulation and separation of the races. South Africa was the last state in Africa to throw off white regulation ( Healy. 1994 ) . We see the effects of European
colonisation of Africa even today. Scholars feel that Africa has struggled and failed to develop compared to other parts of the universe because of the psychological effects of European colonisation. Despite attempts locally and internationally. Africa is one of the poorest and least developed states in the universe. They make a comparing between Africa and Asia which are the two poorest universe economic systems.

Both of these countries were colonized but Asia is drawing in front and developing rapidly to vie with developed states. Africa on the other manus. is still fighting. Economists feel that the manner Africa was colonized dramas a portion in its ability to progress in development. During Asia’s colonisation. Asians were more likely to take part in authorities. their civilization was preserved. and their sense of civilization was left largely undisturbed. Africans experienced a really different kind of colonisation. In Africa. the native government systems and sense of civilization were destroyed during colonisation. To do affairs worse. the thought that inkinesss were inferior to Whites was pushed so strongly that inkinesss began to endure from an lower status composite that is apparent even today ( Abdulai. 2009 ) . On the whole. European colonisation of Africa did more harm than good. Europeans left African settlements underdeveloped by working Africa’s natural resources without developing the support system African’s needed to go on development on their ain. But. there’s still hope. “Despite the annihilating effects of colonisation. Africa as a whole has emerged scarred but non broken. ” ( Young. 2007 ) Works Cited

Abdulai. J. ( 2009 ) . Psychological Effectss of Colonization Haunt Africa. Retrieved January 19. 2012. from The African Executive: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. africanexecutive. com/modules/magazine/articles. php? article=4269 nut. wikipedia. org. ( 2012 ) . Scramble for Africa. Retrieved January 18. 2012. from nut. wikipedia. org: hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Scramble_for_Africa Healy. M. ( 1994 ) . Sub-saharan Africa. Retrieved January 18. 2012. from harper College Website: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. harpercollege. edu/mhealy/g101ilec/ssa/afh/afcol/afcolfr. htm Nosotro. R. ( 2010 ) . Europe’s Colonization of Africa. Retrieved January 18. 2012. from HyperHistory. cyberspace: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hyperhistory. net/apwh/essays/comp/cw25colonizationafrica. htm Young. B. ( 2007 ) . Broadview Entertainment Arts University Website. Retrieved
January 19. 2012. from The Long Tern Consequences of the Colonization of Africa: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. He. com/items/559879-the-long-term-consequences-of-the-colonization-of-africa