Communication in Health and Social Care Essay


In this assignment the author is traveling to concentrate on how communicating is of import in wellness and societal attention scenes. In the first subdivision of the assignment the author will research in item what communicating is. the methods of communicating that are used in wellness and societal attention scenes and a communicating theory that is relevant to wellness and societal attention. The author will besides place possible barriers to effectual communicating that may originate within a wellness and societal attention puting and research how these barriers may be overcome. Following this subdivision of the assignment the author will reexamine at least one scheme that is used to back up people with specific communicating demands and analyze the benefits to service users of utilizing these schemes and do recommendations for wellness attention workers. In the concluding subdivision of the assignment the author will analyze cardinal ethical and cultural consideration’s that need to be taken into consideration for a wellness and societal attention worker to pass on efficaciously with service users.

1. 1 – Apply relevant theories of communicating to Health and Social Care contexts In this subdivision the author will specify the significance of communicating. The author will depict a scope of communicating methods that are used in the Health and Social Care sector utilizing illustrations and depict a communicating theory that is relevant to Health and Social Care. Define Communication:

Communication is the passing of information between people or administrations. It is a basic human demand that allows people to interact and set up a closer relationship and contact with one another. The intent of communicating is to direct messages in a speedy and effectual manner to the individual that is having it. Communication brings people together who believe in a certain end with a position to beef up relationships. Communication allows information to be transferred through interchanging thoughts. feelings. and facts so that a better apprehension of a topic or conversation is made. For illustration: in normal twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours conversations. we communicate to: derive information from other people. develop societal relationships. and supply feedback to other people.

However when we communicate in a wellness and societal attention puting we as attention professionals communicate to: explicate policies and processs to both the employees and service users. exchange information with service users and their households every bit good as with other wellness attention professionals and outside bureaus. advance relationships and offer support. to acquire to cognize the service user so that all of their demands are met. and to negociate and intercede with the service users. their household and other wellness attention professionals. Describe methods of communicating used in Health and Social Care: There are a scope of communicating methods that are used within the Health and Social Care sector. The chief methods of communicating that the author is traveling to concentrate on are: Verbal. Non-verbal. Written and Listening.

The first method to discourse Verbal Communication. which is expressed through spoken word and is used in many different ways throughout wellness and societal attention scenes. It is used by the patient to inform the attention professional how they are experiencing. and what concerns they may hold. This can be done through face to face or by phone. Verbal communicating is besides needed to pass on on a regular basis with the patients about their medical processs. daily attention undertakings and the patient’s overall wellness. Before any of these professionals performs any medical process or attention undertaking with a patient. it is of import that they use verbal communicating to inform the patient of what they are traveling to make. This allows the patient to cognize what to anticipate when they come into the attention puting. The 2nd method is Non Verbal Communication. which occurs through organic structure linguistic communication. facial looks. and gestures. It is used in many different ways throughout wellness and societal attention scenes. Touching a individual can direct messages of attention and fondness.

However. as a attention professional it is of import to see the surrounding environment and what message you are seeking to go through on to the service user before touching them. for illustration: an arm around a parent who has been told sensitive intelligence about another household member in an infirmary scene can do the individual experience better nevertheless a adolescent or immature kid in the same state of affairs may experience intimidated by this contact from an older individual. It is besides of import to see sensitive issues such as Child Protection counsel. The 3rd method is Written Communication. by agencies of written symbols ( either printed or handwritten ) . It is used in many different ways throughout wellness and societal attention scenes in the signifier of E-mail. letters. memos. and medical records. Many infirmary based scenes use Electronic mails to pass on with both their staff and their patients. Electronic mails can be both formal and informal.

The nurses/doctors in a specific section or ward in a infirmary can reach the receiver ( s ) instantly by utilizing an email service. Many other wellness and societal attention scenes such as a physician surgery may utilize letters as a signifier of communicating. Letterss are frequently addressed as formal and they are used widely to reach patients with respects to assignments. trial consequences & A ; aggregations of medicine. Memos are besides used within sections of a infirmary or residential attention places. They are used to rede staff on latest employee intelligence or policy alterations and to maintain them updated on any alterations within the section and within the hospital/residential attention place as a whole. but would non normally be accessible to the service users. The 4th method is Listening Communication which is expressed through hearing and paying attending to the individual conveying the message and is used in many different ways throughout wellness and societal attention scenes.

Having good hearing accomplishments will assist care givers to determine if patients/service users have any concerns. frights or penchants about their attention. for illustration: a patient in a residential attention place scene may state their nurse that they are being abused. Therefore it is the nurse’s occupation to listen to the patient and take appropriate action about the information being disclosed. When nurses are passing over attention to other nurses at the alteration of displacements listening communicating is besides critical the right information about medicine etc. is passed on. Besides at ward unit of ammunitions with physicians the nurses must listen to what the physician is bespeaking for the patient. for illustration: this may be a alteration in medicine or consequences from a blood trial. Therefore it is the nurse in charges duty to describe this information back to the other nursing staff.

Explain a communicating theory relevant to Health and Social Care: There are a scope of different communicating theories that are relevant to Health and Social Care. The chief communicating theory that the author is traveling to concentrate on is the Johari Window Model. 1“The word “Johari” is taken from two people named Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham who made the Johari Window theoretical account in 1955. This communicating theoretical account was developed to assist persons to understand the significance of self-disclosure and gently promote people to give and accept feedback. There are two chief thoughts behind the theoretical account. The first thought of the theoretical account is that you can construct trust with other persons by unwraping information about yourself. The 2nd thought is that with the aid of having feedback from others you can larn more approximately yourself as a individual. and come to footings with personal issues.

Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham designed the theoretical account that if done efficaciously it will assist people construct and beef up their relationship with one another every bit good as assisting them to work out issues and work more efficaciously as a team” . The Johari window theoretical account is made up of four quarter-circles. The four quarter-circles consist of: the Open country. the Blind country. the Hidden country and the Unknown country. The Open Area – This quarter-circle is the most of import quarter-circle of the Johari Window theoretical account. The unfastened country includes things that are known to you and things that are besides known to others. for illustration – the more unfastened you are and the more people you know. the more productive. concerted. and effectual your group will be when working together. In footings of wellness and societal attention when pass oning with a patient it is of import that the attention professional that is presenting the attention knows who they are presenting the attention to.

For illustration when a patient with malignant neoplastic disease is admitted to hospital for chemotherapy it is of import that when they arrive they tell the attention professional their name and medical history. This allows the attention professional to cognize about them and their wellness and supply the best quality of attention. The Blind Area- This quarter-circle includes the things that others know about you but you might non be cognizant of. This can include simple information that you don’t cognize or it can affect deeper issues such as feelings of unworthiness or rejection that we keep within ourselves and that which we retain out of fright. In footings of wellness and societal attention an illustration of this could be that you don’t keep oculus contact when speaking to a patient in a one to one interaction. The patient may detect that you are non keeping oculus contact with them and may believe that you are interested. nevertheless you may non cognize this as you can non see the facial looks that you are doing.

The Hidden Area- This quadrant represents the things that others don’t cognize about you but you know. This can include our insecurities and shyness. In footings of wellness and societal attention an illustration of this could be that a patient who is sing bladder jobs may non unwrap this type of information to others as they may experience embarrassed to portion it. therefore it is hidden. Another illustration of this may be a nurse who is concealing that she is looking for a occupation merely until a better occupation comes along because with the wage that she is gaining in the occupation that she is in she is non able to supply for her kids. The Unknown Area- This quadrant represents the things that are unknown by you and are unknown to others. This includes the information. feelings. capablenesss. endowments etc. This can be due to traumatic yesteryear experiences or events which can be unknown for a life-time.

The individual will be incognizant till he/she discovers his/her concealed qualities and capablenesss or through observation of others. In footings of wellness and societal attention an illustration of this may be that a service user being unaware of a familial disease that runs in his/her household. for example- a nurse may non be cognizant that her mother’s grandma had breast malignant neoplastic disease. Due to being incognizant this information will be unknown until the nurse has the familial disease in ulterior life. In decision the ultimate result of the Johari Window theoretical account is openness which allows for an unfastened duologue. trust and regard to be shown. 2“The procedure of enlarging the Open Area quarter-circle is called “self-disclosure. ” and it’s a give-and-take procedure that takes topographic point between yourself and the people that you’re interacting with. As you portion information. your Open Area expands vertically and your Hidden Area gets smaller.

As people on your squad provide feedback to you about what they know or see about you. your Open Area expands horizontally. and your Blind Area gets smaller. Done good. the procedure of spring and take. sharing. and unfastened communicating builds trust within the group” . 1. 3 – Review methods of covering with inappropriate interpersonal communicating between persons in Health and Social Care scenes In this subdivision the author will place possible barriers to good communicating in Health and Social Care scenes every bit good as researching how these barriers may be overcome. One of the chief possible barriers to good communicating in a wellness and societal attention puting is Physiological barriers. for illustration: sick wellness – a patient in a residential mental infirmary who is enduring from Alzheimer’s disease. showing with confusion and hapless memory. This can take to misunderstanding and will impact communicating between the patient and carer.

For illustration – the patient may be in hurting and be in an agitated province. nevertheless nurse non recognize this and may believe their agitated behaviour is coming from being in an unusual environment. To get the better of this barrier the nurse may supply reassurance to the patient by utilizing quieting phrases such as naming the patient by his/her name and allowing them know that they are at that place to assist. The nurse may settle the patient into a familiar country where they know the patient feels composure and safe. If the agitation continues the nurse will gain there is more to the unsettling behavior and this will take to farther probe in order to acquire to the root of the job. Another chief possible barrier is Language. for illustration: a patient who is from the Philippines may hold limited English and their attention givers do non talk any other linguistic communications. The patient will fight to pass on their medical issue clearly. and the nurses will fight to pass on the intervention program.

To get the better of this. translators can sometimes be used. nevertheless this is non ever appropriate. Alternatively many wellness attention suppliers invest in developing staff in non-verbal communicating. utilizing basic mark linguistic communication or making image flash cards which demonstrate a scope of unwellnesss and interventions. The physical environment can move as a barrier to communicating. Ocular factors include illuming. noise. organic structure linguistic communication. sing angle and vision. Bad illuming conditions in a face-to-face interactions can impact a nurse’s ability to detect gestural communicating. befoging ocular hints and organic structure linguistic communication and could cut down a hard-of-hearing person’s ability to lip read. To get the better of this the nurse in a infirmary could happen a room within a ward which has a perfect lighting accommodating the service user’s needs. The room was non excessively bright and non to dip. so the patient could pass on decently and experience comfy in the environment which she is in.

The infirmary would besides be sporadically carry oning hazard appraisals to guarantee the lighting degrees in public countries are at a suited criterion. Noise adversely effects communicating. Ocular noise can be go throughing traffic at a window can be deflecting for a nurse analyzing a patient and audio noise can be any background noise which could ensue in a nurse being unable to hear the patient clearly. These can be overcome utilizing a scope of different methods. for illustration the patient can be taken to a private room with closed Windowss to cut down interior and exterior noise and distractions. Having an appropriate temperature within the wards and adviser suites will besides impact on the patients and staff work because if the temperature is excessively hot or excessively cold the nurses may non be as focused on the message that they are seeking to direct to their co-workers. caput nurse. or patients.

This barrier can be overcome by the attention place or infirmary keeping a suited ambient temperature and supervising it on a regular footing to guarantee the comfort of patients. 1. 4 – Analyse the usage of schemes to back up users of wellness and societal attention services with specific communicating demands In this undertaking the author is traveling to reexamine two schemes that are used to back up people with specific communicating demands. The author is besides traveling to analyze the benefits of utilizing these schemes for the service user’s every bit good as doing recommendations for the wellness attention workers. Good communicating is indispensable for effectual health care. However many persons throughout our society have assorted different disablements which affect their communicating accomplishments. Disabilities can run from being deaf to the inability to understand or utilize one’s native linguistic communication. Examples of these disablements include: Ocular and Hearing impairment’s such as being blind and deaf. larning disablements of assorted grades of badness such as Dyslexia and Autism.

As a wellness and societal attention professional it is your responsibility and duty to assist get the better of any jobs of communicating that may originate. This can be achieved by back uping the service user by supplying them with schemes to get the better of communicating jobs. The two schemes that the author is traveling to concentrate on are: Braille and Sign Language. Braille: Braille is a technique that is used for people who are blind or partly sighted. It is made up of a scope of raised points which makes up the letters of the alphabet. Numberss and punctuation Markss. Braille is designed to be read by utilizing your fingertips instead than utilizing your eyes and is produced by a machine known as a Braillewriter. In the wellness and societal sector a missive will be sent to a patient to inform them of an assignment. If the patient was blind they would hold registered to have their communicating in an accessible signifier. so the missive would be typed in Braille 3“Braille was invented by Louis Braille around 200 old ages ago. who lost his sight at the age of 15 and became a instructor of the blind. Braille has been adapted to every known linguistic communication.

Over the old ages the Royal National Institute of Blind people has continued to contend for Braille and the rights of the blind and partly sighted to hold entree to information and the chance to show themselves in written word” . The chief benefits of utilizing Braille are that: Braille can be self-taught. This allows the unsighted individual to work to their ain timetable. It is besides less complicated to larn compared to other methods that are used for the blind. Braille provides independency to the person. Examples of Braille being used in the wellness and societal attention puting would appointment letters sent in Braille. medicine packaging and instructions can be labelled in Braille. informing them of the right dose. Many postings and cusps displayed around wellness attention scenes are produced in Braille leting the service user to have information associating to their demands.

This stuff is good to the wellness attention user as they have more cognition of medical conditions and processs. This relieves the patient’s anxiousness as a consequence of non holding the right information. Communicating with patients who are visually impaired can be a large challenge for wellness attention professionals. Some recommendations to get the better of these barriers may to derive the individuals attending before get downing to verbally pass on with them. This can be done by merely touching the person’s arm. reassuring them that person is at that place to assist. every bit good as presenting yourself to the patient.

It is besides of import that they feel secure in the environment and this can be done by verbally pass oning a description of the environments that the discovery themselves in. Adjustments should be made to suit the single demands. the room could be cleared of obstructions that may be a trip hazard to the patient. the patient can be informed that the room is clear. Reassurance can be given by explicating precisely what will go on in the assignment. In the instance of a place visit to the visually impaired patient. the attention supplier could offer paperss in Braille giving patient good information on service provided. The service supplier could talk in a clear voice. inquire the patient if they understand what is being said. repetition of import information to do things clearer and carry on the meeting in a quiet environment.

Gestural Language:

Sign linguistic communication is a ocular manner of pass oning to people who are hearing impaired and can non lipread. utilizing manus gestures. facial looks and organic structure linguistic communication. Different mark linguistic communications are used in different states. Having entree to a signed linguistic communication is critical to any deaf individual. kid or grownup for their cognitive. societal. emotional and lingual growing. Sign linguistic communication is thought to hold been used as far back with early adult male utilizing gestures before linguistic communication developed. It is besides recorded that Juan Pablo de Bonet invented gestural linguistic communication. In the twelvemonth 1620. he wrote a book that contained the first known manual alphabet system.

The manus shapes in this system represented different address sounds. Sign linguistic communication was continually developed over the following 200 old ages. The benefits of utilizing gestural linguistic communication in a wellness and societal attention puting is the service user is able to understand to the full the processs and interventions that they will have by and interpreter communicate through mark. This will alleviate any anxiousness or emphasis they may hold due to being decently informed. The patient is able to pass on with a trained wellness attention translator if they have any jobs or painful symptoms. this allows the proper medical attending to be given.

Sign linguistic communication is non merely utile to the deaf but besides to people with other larning disablements such as intellectual paralysis. autism. down syndrome to call a few. Sign linguistic communication reduces defeat by supplying a manner to pass on in state of affairss where verbal communicating may non be successful. Communication barriers are broken down for these person and has a positive consequence on the service user as it raises their self-esteem. Medical staff are able to handle the person with the appropriate medical action and extinguish clip wasted seeking to happen out what the job is through deficiency of communicating.

Communicating with patients who have a hearing damage can besides be a large challenge. Some recommendations to get the better of these barriers may be to guarantee that the service user can see your face clearly. This could be done by confronting the service user in good visible radiation with an appropriate position so that they are able to see your facial looks and the manner your lips move. However if you’re exterior. it is of import to confront the Sun so at that place isn’t a shadow dramatis personae in your face and that the Sun doesn’t blaze in theirs. It is besides of import that you make your lip forms clear without over exaggerating. Using gestures and facial looks to back up what you are stating is besides recommended in order for a service user with a hearing damage to to the full understand you for example- a attention professional may show that she is happy and delighted by smiling when stating the service user that she is pregnant. It is besides of import that you speak in a clear normal voice.

However if you raise your voice your facial looks may go deformed. for illustration a individual with a hearing damage may gain that you are shouting and might presume that you are angry. 2. 1 – Explain how the communicating procedure is influenced by values and cultural factors In this undertaking the author is traveling to analyze cardinal ethical and cultural considerations that need to be taken into consideration in order for a wellness attention worker to pass on efficaciously with their service users. An ethical consideration is when you have to judge what is right or incorrect with moral responsibility and duty. They are impacted by a scope of different factors including faith. civilization. upbringing and an individual’s ain values and beliefs. Health attention workers are supplying attention to a really broad scope of service user’s that come from different civilizations and ethical backgrounds. This brings with it all kind of challenges.

For illustration dissension between service users and their households with wellness attention suppliers over intervention determinations. These dissensions typically take one of two signifiers wellness attention professionals might force a intervention option that is unacceptable to serve user or serve user may bespeak intervention that is unacceptable to wellness professional. In instances such as this it is of import that wellness attention worker communicates the grounds why he feels the intervention is non an option. For illustration in a instance of a pregnant adult female who wishes to hold a natural birth due to her beliefs. This may non be an option due to job with the babe lying rear of barrel. In this instance it is highly of import the wellness attention professional communicates all the hazards to pamper and mother. every bit good as ratting of alternate action. Another illustration is refusal of intervention due to spiritual grounds. Jehovah’s Witnesses’ spiritual beliefs forbid them from having blood transfusions.

In the instance of a serious accident. this may be the lone class of intervention. but the wellness attention professional must esteem the wants of the patient and their following of kin. Health attention professionals can non “force” person to follow a class of intervention. merely guarantee that the patient is in ownership of all the facts including the hazards. in order to do an informed determination. Effective communicating and being informed decently can set wellness attention users at easiness and besides be the key to the best intervention being accepted by the services user. Another major ethical job confronting our wellness service today is the waiting clip for processs and operations to be carried out. This waiting clip causes great emphasis and disturbance to the health care user and may even hold a damaging consequence on their wellness. It is of import that the wellness attention supplier uses communicating accomplishments and mediation accomplishments to turn to these issues. Keeping the patient informed can cut down anxiousness and emphasis.

A major ethical issue is favoritism for any figure of factors such as race. age. faith. sexual orientation. disablement. or socioeconomic position. and this can go on on an about unconscious footing. A patient may experience discriminated against or disadvantaged if they are unable to entree services in the same manner as all other patients. On the other manus any cultural groups. including homosexual and sapphic persons to call but a few. have no medical attention or are grossly underserved for multiple grounds. Sensitivity in the intervention of these instances. along with constructing a trusting relationship with the patient can relieve these issues. and wellness attention professionals work to a codification of pattern which removes favoritism and advocators supplying the same criterion of attention to all. Barriers caused by cultural differences in a multi-national society are widespread. Every wellness attention brush provides an chance to hold a positive consequence on patient wellness.

Health attention suppliers can maximise this possible by larning more about patients’ civilizations. Understanding the cultural background of a peculiar patient’s wellness related behavior can better patient communicating and attention. For illustration an Alzheimer patient from a foreign state being highly agitated as they are unfamiliar milieus may be calmed down by a wellness professional that can pass on in their ain linguistic communication. Many wellness attention scenes employ nurses that can interpret to service users if there is a big immigrant group within the country. Lack of cultural competency of wellness attention suppliers is one of the grounds these groups receive unequal medical attention.

Many wellness and societal attention scenes provide developing to staff who deals with patients that have limited English. Although larning a new linguistic communication can take old ages. it empowers assurance and trust with the patients and allows the wellness attention suppliers of wellness and societal attention scenes to listen in and verify information between the patient and the translator. Non-verbal AIDSs such as image flash cards can besides get the better of linguistic communication barriers. Cultural sensitiveness in covering with non-English speech production patients besides increases the trust between a patient and their attention supplier.


Looking at all the different findings and grounds that the author has gathered the author feels that good communicating is critical in all facets of wellness and societal attention. It allows attention professionals to construct relationships with the service users and their households every bit good as developing relationships with fellow attention staff. directors and other members of the multi-disciplinary squad. Although there is a great demand particularly in wellness and societal attention scenes to continually better the procedure of communicating. communicating among healthcare squad members the quality of working relationships. occupation satisfaction and has a profound impact on patient safety.