Baroque and Rococo Art Periods Essay

The Baroque Art epoch is classified by many as Early Baroque. High Baroque. and Late Baroque periods. The Rococo Art epoch is frequently said to be portion of the Late Baroque period. The clip frame of the Rococo epoch and whether it is one and the same as the Late Baroque period have been in argument through the old ages. Although the Baroque Art and the Rococo Art periods are sometimes classified as one in the same. they are really rather distinguishable and alone. The Baroque Art period was between 1600 and the mid 1700’s. and originated during the Catholic Reformation in Rome. Italy. and rapidly distribute throughout most of Europe. During the late 1500’s. the Protestant reformation started to assail the Catholic Church on philosophy. In response to these onslaughts. the Catholic Pope started a motion within the church to reaffirm and distribute Catholic beliefs. During this clip. most people were uneducated and illiterate so the church had to invent a manner to distribute the gospel message so everyone would understand. It was decided that the message would be spread through art. “This art was to be direct. emotionally persuasive. and powerful-designed to fire the religious imaginativeness and animate the spectator to greater piousness.

The church felt that God of illustriousness and power should be worshiped with the sorts of rites. ceremonials. and churches suiting these godly qualities. ” ( McKay & A ; McKay. 2010 ) So began the Baroque motion with it’s dramatic usage of colour in pictures and architecture that was forceful. emotional. and excessive. The Rococo art period emerged in the mid-17th century as a continuance of the Baroque art period. “By the terminal of his 70 biennial reign Louis XIV led his state victoriously through legion wars and France had long replaced Spain as the Continental power. He is known in history as one of greatest Gallic male monarchs but besides as a “micromanaging control monster. ” ( Zaky. n. d. ) The Baroque manner during his reign represented the Catholic religion and the monarchy with art that was “direct. obvious. and dramatic. ” ( McKay & A ; McKay. 2010 ) Louis XIV was succeeded by Louis XV who reigned during the tallness of the “Age of Enlightenment” epoch. a clip where attitudes and ethical motives loosened. The enlightenment motion was in resistance to the established church. as it promoted believing for oneself and non following a divinity. The art of this clip period centered around a unworried life style instead than the symbols and regulations of the church. It had “no topographic point for morality. saints or heroes. painting were neither didactic nor devotional. ” ( Zaky. n. d. ) The art was meant to delight the oculus of the spectator with no existent significance behind it.

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The art besides portrayed the mundane life. non merely of import minutes in history. The Baroque art motion was austere and originated from the Catholic church desiring to distribute faith. The Rococo art motion came about from the “Enlightenment” epoch where people wanted to believe for themselves alternatively of being told what to believe by the church or monarchy. The Baroque manner “depicted gallantry. sufferer. and scriptural narratives. ” but Rococo painters showed subjects of love. young person. and gaiety. ( Zaky. n. d. ) The Baroque creative persons used dark. stormy colourss. whereas Rococo used visible radiation. soft opalescent colourss. Baroque art was made to be seen and used as propaganda for the Catholic church. and the graphics and architecture was big and bold. The Rococo art was smaller in graduated table to be enjoyed by a individual or household as a ornament. The alteration from the Baroque period to the Rococo period was important in that it shows the passage of the society at that clip. The Monarchy and Catholic Church were both under examination for inordinate disbursement and what people viewed as political dictatorship. The alteration in attitude by the people non merely affected the political environment but besides the humanistic disciplines.

Tired of subjugation. they revolted politically by decapitating King Louis XV and by altering the manner they created and viewed art. The picture. “Descent from the Cross. ” by Rembrandt is a authoritative illustration of the Baroque manner. His usage of dark colourss and shadowing depicts the decease of Christ and creates a dramatic scene. He uses visible radiation to uncover Christ’s organic structure. Mary. and the fabric that he will be buried in. The picture depicts the spiritual scene so that the spectator can understand the significance of the event and contemplate its significance. In contrast “The Swing. ” by Jean-Honore Fragonard. is of a adult female singing carefree in a garden. Fragonard uses pastel colourss and illuminates her from the environing trees. He places cherubs in the picture another feature of the Rococo manner. This picture is interesting in that at first glimpse it seems that this is nil more than an guiltless twenty-four hours in the garden. Upon farther review. one can see the manner Fragonard was bold plenty to mock the Baroque manner and clip period. The adult male sits at a topographic point where he is able to see up the woman’s skirt as she swings above him typifying the free spirit and gender of the clip. The retainer is about wholly concealed. typifying the church no longer being as of import in society.

One country of art from the Rococo period that is frequently overlooked is the furniture signifier of architecture. During this clip period a displacement was made from big and expansive suites to little. confidant. and personal infinites. The furniture was redesigned to reflect this alteration and the desire for comfort. The Bergere chair was designed with “cushioning in the place and weaponries which made it comfy and kept out drafts” . ( Azzarito. n. d. ) The picture. “A Reading of Moliere” by Jean Francois De Troy. depicts this thought of comfort demoing adult females lounging in the Bergere chairs. ( Troy. 1728 ) The Bergere was “a favourite chair of the most stylish adult females of the day” and is still one that is used in places today doing it a surprising illustration of a work of Rococo art that has survived through the old ages. ( Azzarito. n. d. ) The creative persons of the Rococo period experimented with colour. visible radiation. and semblance. and mastered the technique of layering pigments to do a object expression opalescent in colour. They created the sense of texture in their pictures. which was non done during the Baroque period. The creative persons of the Rococo art period mastered new techniques. giving of import significance to the clip period. Although the Baroque Art and the Rococo Art periods are sometimes classified as one in the same. they are distinguishable and alone.