During the Victorian era, decorative arts were an essential part of the design and style, which includes a grand excess of ornament.
A big number of techniques has their beginning in the late Victorian era, such as Art Nouveau style and Anglo-Japanese style, also Asian influences, the aesthetic movement and Arts and Crafts movement.
The Victorian design is widely known by its mixed style, the general revival of historical styles and the middle east influences in interior decoration and furniture.
The houses were separated into public and private parts, with rooms designed and decorated in orderliness style. A room such as a parlor was the most significant place during this period, and it was carefully decorated with ornamentation.
The glory and interior decoration of this chamber were crucial for the homeowners because the guests were entertained in the parlor. Second most important room in the house was the dining room, and the sideboard was ornately decorated.
There was no option for space not to be filled with objects that reflected the owner’s interests and decorative arts.
About the furniture during the Victorian era, there is no particular style but a mix of many styles. English Rococo and the Gothic style were maybe the most common forms to be used, but also there are details from Neoclassical, Elizabethan, and Tudor decorations and designs that can be seen in the furniture.
In the Victorian homes, the colors of the walls were very carefully chosen, based on the use of the room. Somber gray was used for hallways and the stair halls, a color which made them different from the other rooms. For the interior colors there was a theory of “harmony by analogy,” and the colors were chosen on the color wheel, and that’s how the nuances were compared to each other.
There was another theory, the “harmony by contrast,” which is the opposite of the first one, meaning that the colors should be different for example dark and light.
Frederick Walton is an important figure in this era because of his innovation. He invented the linoleum in 1863 and created the process for embossing semi-liquid linseed oil backed with waterproofed paper, which was applied much like wallpaper. This process was called Lincrusta.